US President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital sparked Palestinian protests, sporadic clashes and a call for a new intifada on Thursday as fears grew of fresh bloodshed in the region.
Trump's announcement also prompted an almost universal diplomatic backlash, with fresh warnings from Turkey, the European Union and Russia.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, however, lavished praise on Trump, saying his name would now be associated with Jerusalem's long history and urging other countries to follow his lead.
Israel's military deployed hundreds more troops to the occupied West Bank amid uncertainty over the fallout, while sporadic clashes between Palestinians and Israeli security forces erupted in various areas.
In a speech in Gaza City, Hamas leader Ismail Haniya called for a new intifada, or uprising, but unrest was limited for now.
At least two rockets were believed to have been fired from the Gaza Strip toward Israel, but Israel's military said they landed inside the Palestinian enclave.
Further protests were expected after the main weekly Muslim prayers on Friday, with Hamas calling for a "day of rage".
Protests on Thursday were held in West Bank cities including Ramallah, Hebron, Bethlehem and Nablus, as well as in the Gaza Strip.
Israeli forces dispersed several hundred protesters with tear gas at a checkpoint at the entrance to Ramallah, while the Palestinian Red Crescent reported 22 people wounded from live fire or rubber bullets in the West Bank.
Five Palestinians were wounded from Israeli fire in the Gaza Strip as dozens protested near the barrier sealing off the enclave from Israel, Gazan authorities said.
Angry protests were staged in Amman and Tunis. (AFP)