US President Joe Biden was to pay his last respects in London to Queen Elizabeth on Sunday, as ordinary mourners waiting in marathon lines were warned that time was running out to view her coffin lying in state.
After witnessing the sombre scene in parliament's Westminster Hall, Biden, Japan's Emperor Naruhito and other world leaders were due to attend a reception with King Charles III.
Biden, who flew in late on Saturday, has said that Charles's mother "defined an era" after she reigned for a record-breaking 70 years leading up to her death on September 8, aged 96.
Australia's anti-monarchy Prime Minister Anthony Albanese, who viewed the lying-in-state and met Charles on Saturday, told Sky News Australia that the queen was "a constant reassuring presence".
There was also a private audience at Buckingham Palace for Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern of New Zealand, which like Australia and 12 other Commonwealth realms now counts Charles as its sovereign.
"You could see that it meant a huge amount (to Charles) to have seen the sheer scale and outpouring of people's love and affection for her late Majesty," she told BBC television on Sunday.
But in a sign of challenges ahead for the new king, Ardern added that she expected New Zealand to ditch the UK monarchy "over the course of my lifetime".
The first members of the public were already camping out in advance to catch a glimpse of Monday's grand farewell at Westminster Abbey, which is expected to bring London to a standstill and be watched by billions of viewers worldwide.
EJ Kelly, a 46-year-old school teacher from Northern Ireland, secured a prime spot with friends on the route the procession will take after the funeral.
"Watching it on television is wonderful but being here is something else," she said, equipped with camping chairs, warm clothing and extra socks.
"I will probably feel very emotional when it comes to it, but I wanted to be here to pay my respects."
Fiona Ogilvie, 54, who served in the Royal Air Force, had taken up position outside Westminster Abbey.
"When you join the RAF you swear an allegiance to the queen, and that kind of stays with you," she said.
"She was still doing her duty up to two days before she died, and you can't ask more than that," Ogilvie added, after the queen appointed Liz Truss as her 15th prime minister in one of her last official acts.
Starting with a single toll from Big Ben, Britain will hold a minute's silence at 8:00 pm (1900 GMT) on Sunday to reflect on the "life and legacy" of the queen.
Near the Scottish town of Falkirk, 96 lanterns were to be lowered into a "pool of reflection" at the foot of the Queen Elizabeth Canal, before wreaths are placed in the water.
Those wanting to view the flag-draped casket have until 6:30 am (0530 GMT) on Monday to make it into the cavernous Westminster Hall opposite the abbey.
As the queue continued to snake for several kilometres along the River Thames on Sunday, the waiting time stood at more than 13 hours, and the line is likely to be closed by the evening.
"To avoid disappointment please do not set off to join the queue," the government said.
Andy Sanderson, 46, a supermarket area manager, was in the line and finally reaching parliament.
"She was the glue that kept the country together," he said.
"She doesn't have an agenda whereas politicians do, so she can speak for the people."
As mourners slowly filed by on Saturday evening, Prince William and his estranged younger brother Prince Harry led the queen's eight grandchildren in a 12-minute vigil around the coffin.
Harry – who did two tours with the British Army in Afghanistan – wore the uniform of the Blues and Royals cavalry regiment in which he served.
The move appeared to be the latest olive branch offered by Charles towards Harry and his wife Meghan after they quit royal duties and moved to North America, later accusing the royal family of racism.
Queen Elizabeth's state funeral, the first in Britain since the death of her first prime minister Winston Churchill in 1965, will take place on Monday at Westminster Abbey in London at 11:00 am.
Reflecting on the queen's wishes for the hour-long ceremony, the former archbishop of York, John Sentamu, said she "did not want what you call long, boring services".
"The hearts and people's cockles will be warmed and at the same time, there will be a moment of saying this is a funeral service that is glorious in its setting," he told BBC television.
Leaders from Russia, Afghanistan, Myanmar, Syria and North Korea were not invited to join the 2,000 guests.
Moscow's foreign ministry last week called the decision "deeply immoral", and "blasphemous" to the queen's memory. China will attend at the abbey, but was barred by parliamentary leaders from the lying-in-state.
After the funeral, the queen's coffin will be driven to Windsor Castle, west of London, for a private burial when she will be laid to rest alongside her late husband Prince Philip, her parents and her sister.
The Queen's second son Prince Andrew, in disgrace over his links to billionaire US paedophile Jeffrey Epstein, paid tribute on Sunday to the queen's "knowledge and wisdom infinite, with no boundary or containment".
Camilla gave her first public comments as the new queen consort, recalling her mother-in-law's smile and "wonderful blue eyes".
"It must have been so difficult for her being a solitary woman" in a world dominated by men, Charles's wife said in televised comments.
"There weren't women prime ministers or presidents. She was the only one so I think she carved her own role." (AFP)