Beijing must accept that Taiwan is already independent, President Tsai Ing-wen has said, warning that any attempt to invade the democratic island would be "very costly".
Tsai won a second term over the weekend with a record 8.2 million votes, an outcome that was seen as a forceful rebuke of China's ongoing campaign to isolate the self-ruled island.
Beijing regards Taiwan as its own territory and has vowed to one day seize it, by force if necessary – especially if it declares independence.
But in her first interview since Saturday's re-election, Tsai said there was no need to formally announce independence because the island already runs itself.
"We don't have a need to declare ourselves an independent state," she told the BBC.
"We are an independent country already and we call ourselves the Republic of China, Taiwan."
Polls show growing numbers of Taiwanese reject the idea that the island should be part of the Chinese mainland.
"We have a separate identity and we're a country of our own," Tsai said.
"We're a successful democracy, we have a pretty decent economy, we deserve respect from China".
Beijing has greeted Tsai's re-election with anger, warning against any move to push the island closer towards independence.
"Splitting the country is doomed to leave a name that will stink for eternity," Foreign Minister Wang Yi said this week.
Chinese state media also accused Tsai of winning the election through cheating, without providing evidence.
In her interview, Tsai warned against a military response from Beijing. "Invading Taiwan is something that is going to be very costly for China," she said.
Critics accuse Tsai of being needlessly antagonistic towards Beijing.
But Tsai said she had resisted pressure from within her own party to be more forceful on the issue of independence.
"There are so many pressures, so much pressure here that we should go further," she said.
"Maintaining a status quo remains our policy... I think that is a very friendly gesture to China."
Tsai has repeatedly said she is willing to talk to Beijing as long as there are no pre-conditions. But Beijing has refused, cutting off official communication with her administration. (AFP)